5 Research Studies on Employee Engagement

Employee engagement isn’t something only business-minded practitioners care about—I promise (take it from the guy who still spends a lot of time working in academia).  Academics, students, and professional researchers have and continue to carry out extensive peer-reviewed research on engagement, especially regarding its origin and implications (both direct and indirect).  Here are five of the best studies on employee engagement:

  1. Business-unit-level relationship between employee satisfaction, employee engagement, and business outcomes: a meta-analysis.  Based on 7,939 business units in 36 companies, this study used meta-analysis to examine the relationship at the business-unit level between employee satisfaction-engagement and the business-unit outcomes of customer satisfaction, productivity, profit, employee turnover, and accidents.  Read more.
  2. Antecedents and consequences of employee engagement. Results indicate that there is a meaningful difference between job and organization engagement and that perceived organizational support predicts both job and organization engagement; job characteristics predicts job engagement; and procedural justice predicts organization engagement.  Read more.
  3. Engaging for success: enhancing performance through employee engagement: a report to government.  This report examines employee engagement and its potential benefits for companies, organizations, and individual employees. In particular, the authors examine whether a wider take up of engagement approaches could impact positively on UK competitiveness and performance, as part of the country’s efforts to come through the current economic difficulties, take maximum advantage of the upturn when it comes, and meet the challenges of increased global competition.  Read more.
  4. The meaning of work: The challenge of regaining employee engagement and reducing cynicism. As organizations have expected more from their workforce and have provided little in return other than simply a job or employability, it is perhaps not surprising that employee cynicism and mistrust have increased. This article is concerned with redressing the balance and the organizational need to recognize the meaning and emotional aspects of work.  Read more.
  5. The meaning of employee engagement. The meaning of employee engagement is ambiguous among both academic researchers and among practitioners who use it in conversations with clients. We show that the term is used at different times to refer to psychological states, traits, and behaviors as well as their antecedents and outcomes.  Read more.

Employee engagement has a firm foundation in the HR arena among both practitioners and academics.  What other studies on employee engagement have you come across—or conducted yourself?  Share them with us in the comments.
Related White Paper: ENGAGEMENT MAGIC®: The Five Keys of Employee Engagement
Related Post: 7 Definitions of Employee Engagement
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Related Post: What Employee Engagement Isn’t

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